The following references are cited in our Children’s Health and Urban Parks infographic, which can be found here.
Use of and access to parks promotes health:
Gómez, J. E., Johnson, B. A., Selva, M., et al. (2004). Violent crime and outdoor physical activity among inner-city youth. Preventive Medicine, 39(5), 876–881. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2004.03.019
Roemmich, J. N., Epstein, L. H., Raja, et al. (2006). Association of access to parks and recreational facilities with the physical activity of young children. Preventive Medicine, 43, 437–441. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2006.07.007
Maas, J., Dillen, S. M. E. Van, Verheij, R. A., et al. (2009). Health & Place Social contacts as a possible mechanism behind the relation between green space and health. Health & Place, 15, 586–595. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2008.09.006
Maas, J., Verheij, R. A., Vries, S. De, et al. (2009). Morbidity is related to a green living environment. J Epidemiol Community Health, 63, 967–973. http://doi.org/10.1136/jech.2008.079038
Wolch, J., Jerrett, M., Reynolds, K., et al. (2011). Health & Place Childhood obesity and proximity to urban parks and recreational resources : A longitudinal cohort study. Health & Place, 17(1), 207–214. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2010.10.001
Barton, J. O., & Pretty, J. (2010). What is the Best Dose of Nature and Green Exercise for Improving Mental Health ? A Multi-Study Analysis. Environ. Sci. Technol, 44(10), 3947–3955.
Hartig, T., Mang, M., & Evans, G. W. (1991). Restorative Effects of Natural Environment Experiences. Environment and Behavior, 23(1), 3–26.
Pan, W., Adamkiewicz, G., Wu, C., et al. (2014). Linking Student Performance in Massachusetts Elementary Schools with the “‘ Greenness ’” of School Surroundings Using Remote Sensing. PloS One, 9(10), 1–9. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0108548
Dadvand, P., Nieuwenhuijsen, M. J., et al. (2015). Green spaces and cognitive development in primary schoolchildren. PNAS, 112(26). http://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1503402112
Amoly, E., Dadvand, P., Forns, J., et al. (2014). Green and blue spaces and behavioral development in Barcelona schoolchildren: the BREATHE project. Environmental Health Perspectives, 122(12), 1351–8. http://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1408215
Younan, D., Tuvblad, C., Li, L., et al. (2016). Environmental Determinants of Aggression in Adolescents: Role of Urban Neighborhood Greenspace. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 55(7), 591–601. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2016.05.002
Taylor, Andrea Faber, Kuo, Frances E., et al. (2002). Views of nature and self-discipline: evidence from inner city children. VIEWS OF NATURE AND SELF-DISCIPLINE : EVIDENCE FROM INNER CITY CHILDREN. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 22, 49–63. http://doi.org/10.1006/jevp.2001.0241
Kuo, F. E. (2009). Children With Attention Deficits Concentrate Better After Walk in the Park. Journal of Attention Disorders, 12(5), 402–409.
Local parks and green space benefit neighborhoods
Sugiyama, T., Leslie, E., & Owen, N. (2008). Associations of neighbourhood greenness with physical and mental health : do walking , social coherence and local social interaction explain the relationships ? J Epidemiol Community Health, 62(9), 6–11. http://doi.org/10.1136/jech.2007.064287
Maas, J., Dillen, S. M. E. Van, Verheij, R. A., et al.(2009). Health & Place Social contacts as a possible mechanism behind the relation between green space and health. Health & Place, 15, 586–595. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2008.09.006
Gidl, A., & Ohrstr, E. (2007). Noise and well-being in urban residential environments : The potential role of perceived availability to nearby green areas. Landscape and Urban Planning, 83, 115–126. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2007.03.003
Kaplan, S., & Kaplan, R. (2003). Health , Supportive Environments , and the Reasonable Person Model. American Journal of Public Health, 93(9), 1484–1489.
Cummins, S. K., & Jackson, R. J. (2001). THE BUILT ENVIRONMENT AND CHILDREN’S HEALTH. Pediatric Clinics of North America, 48(5), 1241–1252. http://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-3955(05)70372-2
Nowak, D. J., Crane, D. E., & Stevens, J. C. (2006). Air pollution removal by urban trees and shrubs in the United States. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 4, 115–123. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.ufug.2006.01.007
Disparities: Access to and locations of parks
Wolch, J., Wilson, J. P., & Fehrenbach, J. (2005). Parks and Park Funding in Los Angeles : An Equity- Mapping Analysis. Urban Geography, 26(1), 4–35. http://doi.org/10.2747/0272-36126.96.36.199