USC Environmental Health Centers

Current news, events and research projects of the Environmental Health Centers based at USC

Lead References

Health Impacts of Lead

Ignasiak, Z., Sławińska, T., Rozek, K., Little, B. B., & Malina, R. M. (2006). Lead and growth status of school children living in the copper basin of south-western Poland: differential effects on bone growth. Ann Hum Biol, 33(4), 401-414. doi:10.1080/03014460600730752

Jusko, T. A., Henderson, C. R., Lanphear, B. P., Cory-Slechta, D. A., Parsons, P. J., & Canfield, R. L. (2008). Blood lead concentrations < 10 microg/dL and child intelligence at 6 years of age. Environ Health Perspect, 116(2), 243-248. doi:10.1289/ehp.10424

Lanphear, B. (2017). Still Treating Lead Poisoning After All These Years. Pediatrics, e20171400.

Lanphear, B. P., Hornung, R., Khoury, J., Yolton, K., Baghurst, P., Bellinger, D. C., . . . Roberts, R. (2005). Low-level environmental lead exposure and children's intellectual function: an international pooled analysis. Environ Health Perspect, 113(7), 894-899. doi:10.1289/ehp.7688

Levin, R., Brown, M. J., Kashtock, M. E., Jacobs, D. E., Whelan, E. A., Rodman, J., . . . Sinks, T. (2008). Lead exposures in U.S. Children, 2008: implications for prevention. Environ Health Perspect, 116(10), 1285-1293. doi:10.1289/ehp.11241

McClure, L. F., Niles, J. K., & Kaufman, H. W. (2016). Blood Lead Levels in Young Children: US, 2009-2015. The Journal of Pediatrics, 175, 173-181. doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2016.05.005

McDermott, S., Bao, W., Tong, X., Cai, B., Lawson, A., & Aelion, C. M. (2014). Are different soil metals near the homes of pregnant women associated with mild and severe intellectual disability in children? Dev Med Child Neurol, 56(9), 888-897. doi:10.1111/dmcn.12442

Biomonitoring and Lead in Teeth

Barton, H. J. (2011). Advantages of the use of deciduous teeth, hair, and blood analysis for lead and cadmium bio-monitoring in children. A study of 6-year-old children from Krakow (Poland). Biol Trace Elem Res, 143(2), 637-658. doi:10.1007/s12011-010-8896-6

Arora, M., & Austin, C. (2013). Teeth as a biomarker of past chemical exposure. Current opinion in pediatrics, 25(2), 261-267.

Lead in the Environment

Boggess, W. R., & Wixson, B. G. (1977). LEAD IN THE ENVIRONMENT. Retrieved from Washington DC:

OEHHA (2009). Revised California Human Health Screening Levels for Lead. Retrieved from

SCAQMD, (2017). Proposed Amended Rule 1420–Emissions Standard for Lead. Retrieved from

Tong, S., Schirnding, Y. E. v., & Prapamontol, T. (2000). Environmental lead exposure: a public health problem of global dimensions. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 78(9), 1068-1077. doi:10.1590/S0042-96862000000900003

Zahran, S., Laidlaw, M. A., McElmurry, S. P., Filippelli, G. M., & Taylor, M. (2013). Linking source and effect: resuspended soil lead, air lead, and children's blood lead levels in Detroit, Michigan. Environ Sci Technol, 47(6), 2839-2845. doi:10.1021/es303854c

Lead Acid Battery Smelters

Eckel, W. P., Rabinowitz, M. B., & Foster, G. D. (2001). Discovering unrecognized lead-smelting sites by historical methods. American Journal of Public Health, 91(4), 625-627. doi:10.2105/AJPH.91.4.625

Ettler, V., Mihaljevic, M., & Sebek, O. (2010). Antimony and arsenic leaching from secondary lead smelter air-pollution-control residues. Waste Manag Res, 28(7), 587-595. doi:10.1177/0734242x09335704

Sullivan, M. (2015). Reducing Lead in Air and Preventing Childhood Exposure Near Lead Smelters: Learning from the U.S. Experience. New solutions : a journal of environmental and occupational health policy : NS, 1-24. doi:10.1177/1048291115569027

Exide Reality & Research

Barboza, T. (2015). Exide Inspection Reports. LA Times. Retrieved from

Barboza, T. (2015, Dec 21, 2015). How a battery recycler contaminated L.A.-area homes for decades. LA Times. Retrieved from

Johnston, J. E., & Hricko, A. (2017). Industrial Lead Poisoning in Los Angeles: Anatomy of a Public Health Failure. Environmental Justice, 10(5), 162-167.

Johnston, J. E., Franklin, M., Roh, H., Austin, C., & Arora, M. (2019). Lead and Arsenic in Shed Deciduous Teeth of Children Living Near a Lead-Acid Battery Smelter. Environ Sci Technol, 53(10), 6000-6006. doi:10.1021/acs.est.9b00429

Johnston, J. E., Lopez, M., Gribble, M. O., Gutschow, W., Austin, C., & Arora, M. (2019). A Collaborative Approach to Assess Legacy Pollution in Communities Near a Lead-Acid Battery Smelter: The "Truth Fairy" Project. Health Educ Behav, 46(1_suppl), 71s-80s. doi:10.1177/1090198119859406

USC Environmental Health Centers
linkedin facebook pinterest youtube rss twitter instagram facebook-blank rss-blank linkedin-blank pinterest youtube twitter instagram